Film and video editing


Film and video editing

Edition is the unique art which is exclusive of cinema. Writing, photography, direction, theater, dance, etc. all of them were originated in disciplines that don't belong to the films; Edition is defined as the process through which video images are manipulated and modified with the purpose of forming a succession, and subsequently the connection of these sequences form a complete movie.

In the video edition an audiovisual work is elaborated, it starts from video images recorded previously. It permits to remove sections of video, as well as to add effects, transitions, accommodate sequences and reorganize any video clip or segment; Assembly is considered as a manipulation of the material filmed, a important moment in the creation of a movie.

Video edition is a vital process in the post production, the responsible in this stage is the film editor, and he is often assisted by a team of specialist artists and technicians in order to achieve this critical and complicated mission. However the editor's work not only consist in gathering pieces of a movie mechanically, neither to edit the dialogue of a scene, he also works with music, rhythm, the script of a movie, the actors' performances, etc. in such way he re-directs and re-writes the history during the process.

The edition process has evolved from the physical and recording cut of movie fragments to the extended use of non lineal edition systems. The edition was made with a positive copy of the negative film called film workprint, it allowed to filmmakers to experience as much as they wanted without the risk of damaging the original. Today, most of the movies are edited digitally, it avoids the film positive workprint totally and bypass the film positive workprint altogether.

The original footage is transferred to video in an expensive and carefully controlled process; the digitized video is loaded in a hard disk unit by means of a compression process, in that way it needs less space in the hard disk units. Once the footage is in the system, the creative part begins building the movie scene by scene.

The post production video includes the creation of dailies, which are editions of the filmed scenes generally made during the day, they are processed the whole night and the next day all of them are revised by the director. The next step is known as the editor's cut which often incorporates a mix of sound and special effects, it is called rough cut.

Once the shooting is complete, the director joins the ranks with the editor in order to make a more complete post production video edition; the final cut is shown to public, it means that it is the finished movie.