Editing and transitional devices


Editing and transitional devices

  • A Roll is the primary footage for interview based film. It allows for invisible splices and will have all the odd numbered shots.
  • B Roll is the supplemental footage for a film with the main shot in an interview documentary.
  • A and B editing were where you had two video tracks and would apply transitions between the two lines.
  • Cross cutting is a technique of film editing where a sequence of shots alternate with more than one action. Generally cross-cutting suggest that actions occur at the same time and in other case could add tension to the scene.
  • Cutaway is refers to the interruption of a continuously filmed action, inserting a view of something else and it is commonly used in dramatic films.
  • Dissolve comprises a gradual transition from the end of one clip to the beginning of another exposed on it, to create a new piece of film.
  • Editing means all the process related of selecting and combining shots in sequences to create a film.
  • Establishing shot brings us to the beginning of a scene to where it takes place.
  • Fast cutting is used to communicate a lot of information to the viewer in a maximum of 3 seconds through the use of several consecutive shots.
  • Flashback concerns to simultaneous actions to increase tension or revealing important information for the audience.
  • Insert term is fit to body parts less the head and views of objects covered in the master shot but from a different angle from it as a shot part of scene.
  • Jump cut leaves out a part of the action to create a lack of temporal continuity, where two sequential shots of the same subject are taken from cameras positions that vary slightly.
  • Keying discriminates the values of color and light to composing two full frame images together.
  • L cut ("split edit") means a transition from one shot to another. Just to enhance the flow of the motion picture.
  • Master shot is the most important shot that recording an entire scene from an angle that keeps all players in view.
  • Match cut or graphic match is a simply straight cut where the action continues despite of the editing.
  • Montage uses special effects, music and a quick editing to finally get a coherent sequence and help to the viewer reach certain conclusions about the motion picture.
  • Point of view shot
  • Screen direction must keep the consistence and avoid the confusion in the audience that refers to the direction an actor of object moves in relation to the camera position.
  • Sequence shot involves a special camera movement and a long take lasts an entire scene or sequence.
  • Slow cutting uses shots with the characteristics of being long duration.
  • Split screen is a technique that allows actors appearing twice in a scene, a visible division of the screen generally in half.
  • SMPTE time code provides a time reference for editing, synchronization and identification through labeling of individual frames of film.
  • Shot reverse shot
  • Talking head is a film technique to show only the person-s head and shoulders. It is commonly used to interviews and reality television programs.
  • Wipe means a gradual transition in film editing. For example an iris wipe takes the shape of a growing or shrinking circle and it is usually used in animated short subjects. A star wipe as its name said, it takes the shape of a growing or shrinking star. A heart wipe is used to give a sense of love or friendship taking the shape of a growing or shrinking heart. A matrix wipe is a patterned transition between two images. A clock wipe is often used to indicate that time has passed between the previous shot and the next shot. For an invisible wipe, the camera follows a person into another room by tracking parallel to the actor.