Generally filmmakers use lights in order to influence the meaning of a shot. Let see the meaning of some techniques.
- Background lighting is usually of lower intensity to illuminate the entire background area of a set that properly create a separation between the character and the background.
- Cameo lighting is an effect that focuses the subject and leaves away the environment creating an "angelic" shot as if a light is shinning down from the heaven.
- Fill light or also named simply fill is opposite to the key light and used to eliminate shadows and illuminating these, also the fill get dramatically reduce the contrast of a scene.
- Flood lighting is an artificial light used even to get an illumination on a wide area.
- High-key lighting uses fill light and backlight to create low contrast between brighter and dark areas so it doesn't require adjustment for each scene. It is usually use in comedies and sitcoms.
- Key lighting is the main light that focuses on the subject and highlights the form and dimension of the subject. Placed to one side of the camera or subject, get it has influence on the look of the scene.
- Lens flare used by lens systems as a scattered light to invoke a sense of drama or they are trying to give to the viewer a special effect.
- Low-key lighting is used to highlight the shadow areas and a necessary element to create the chiaroscuro effect, hence is normally applied in horror films.
- Rembrandt lighting gets a diamond shape of light on the cheek of one side of the face closest to the camera. It shouldn't be longer than the nose and no wider than the eye.
- Stage lighting is a tool that allows artistic effect and actually many of them have the ability to change color within 0.03 seconds.
- Soft light can reduce shadows without creating others, its main purpose tends to wrap around objects and make characters more beautiful, reducing notably their wrinkles.